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Key Result Area(KRA) and Key Performance Area(KPA)

December 6, 2012

Key Result Area(KRA) and Key Performance Area(KPA) , though the terms hold different meaning but   are often used interchangeably and more or less assumed to have same applicability . The purpose of this post is to underline the basic differences between the concept of KRA and KPA.

In relation to a job role, KRA defines the outcome or end result expected to be delivered while KPA defines all the activities, not always result oriented,  an individual has to perform being on job.

Key Result Area

Key = crucial/main

Result = outcome/end/consequence

Area = space/range

KEY RESULT AREA = crucial outcome space

Point to note

-KRA is not the result.

-KRA is  the area identified as important or crucial where a result will assist in the achievement of the set  objectives or goal.

-KRA defines what a job is expected to accomplish.

-KRA’s might fall within the scope of Key Performance Areas (KPA)

Key Performance Area

Key = crucial/main

Performance = Achievement/Attainment

Area = space/range/field of operation

 KEY PERFORMANCE AREA = Main achievement space

Point to Note

-KPA is the overall scope of activities that an individual on a job role has to perform.

-KPA is not always result focused.

-KPA’s can be inclusive of KRA’s

In organizations, each role or job has a “Job Description (JD)” which consist of all the responsibilities the person on job has to perform. All the activities listed in JD falls in two categories:

Category A – List of functions and activities crucial or critical for the job role. These activities form the KRA  of the job.

 Category B – List of functions and activities associated with the job role but not truly critical for the role. These functions are important for overall performance of the team, department or organization as a whole and form the KPA for the job

Example :

Role – Product Manager

Goal – Ensuring delivery of quality product within schedule.

Key Result Area

  1. Customer Satisfaction.
  2. Product Management.
  3. Operational Cost Control.
  4. Quality Check.
  5. . Record keeping.

 Key Performance Areas

  1. Maintaining good working condition in plant.
  2. Optimum Resource Utilization.
  3. Process Improvement.
  4. Safety and Prevention planning and control.
  5. Working within the company’s SLA(Service Level Agreement), GRC(Governance, Risk Management and Compliance) policies

Business Definitions

 Key Result Areas refer to general areas of outputs or outcomes for which the department’s role is responsible.

Key Performance Areas are the areas within the business unit, for which an individual or group is logically responsible.

.Hope the post is  able to explain the concept of KRA and KPA.

From → Everyday HR

  1. Huzefa Kukshi Wala permalink

    Very Nicely Explained…… !!!!

  2. Villeneuve Kibale permalink

    very helpful

  3. Prasad Varma permalink

    Excellently explained……

  4. Prasad Varma permalink

    Excellently done…….

  5. shyam Prajapati permalink

    Excellent and Smart work

  6. explained in simple terms…nicely

  7. vijay permalink

    short and simple

  8. Sunil permalink

    very good

  9. Atul chavan permalink

    Very nice explained with example

  10. Kartheek E permalink

    Thank you for the wonderful explanation..

  11. iqbal permalink

    good explained

  12. Prasad Vatsavai permalink

    Thank you for giving me your valuable time….
    The above subject is very useful to me, I I’ve understood the topic…
    Thank you, again.

  13. Very good explanation.
    Thank you.

  14. sathyanarayan permalink

    thanku sir for this good explanation

  15. Explained very effectively.. Thank you

  16. Anonymous Reader permalink

    I liked it

  17. Freddy Navarro permalink

    Well done!!! Hats off for a good explanation!!!

  18. madhuri permalink

    this is really useful. Thank you

  19. Seriously, explained in a very simple way. really helped in understanding the difference b/w KRA & KPA.

  20. HIREN R PATEL permalink

    Well done.

  21. Mohsin Raza permalink

    Excellent Work.

  22. repsta99 permalink

    Hie. I loved your simple and straight foward explanations on key concepts on HR management. I am a dedicated student who utilises websites which provide academic information such as the one applied above and really appreciate the help you proffer to students like me. However I am not for the idea of posting adverts on celebrities and entertainment news. They divert attention from the core target market of your site as well reducing attention spans in the minds of your readers. This negatively affects research that maybe going on for users like me. I hope in future you post adverts that are academic related in order not to lose focus.

  23. R Baffour Awuah permalink

    you have made my day

  24. Sunil Tiwari permalink

    Simply amazing explanation. I have been trying to complete my KRA since last night but after reading this article it seems to be just an hour work. Thank you for the post.

  25. Hebbal, Bengaluru. permalink

    Hi! A simple and very effective explanation, Thank you very much,

  26. Mohammed Matloob Khan permalink

    Nice and simple explanation

  27. abhay Kumar Mishra permalink

    very nice ful explanation of KRA

  28. Sanjay Mhase permalink

    Nice explanation.

  29. Mahadevaraj.c permalink


  30. it has explained very simple way. that is the beauty about it.

  31. zakiru huq permalink

    it is very good , i need to fix KRA an KPA for HR Executive, Finance Manager, Engineering Manager and Operation executive, can any body help.

    Z Huq

  32. dabo stephen permalink

    wonderful explanations to the simplest terms

  33. Shreya permalink

    It is in an understandable form

  34. Moulid Moha permalink

    Very good explanation

  35. Samuel Deche permalink

    I do believe the best perfomance in working oportunity, is to offer services that will make your workmates feel welcomed.

  36. Deo G. Contreras, Jr permalink

    Very clear and simple explanation!

  37. Shamim Khan permalink

    Good for everyone.

  38. Rahul permalink

    Vary helpfully

  39. Sonali Misra permalink


  40. Gopakumar Vadassery permalink

    An excellent explanation on the differences of KRAS and KPAs.

  41. Chaithanya permalink

    good explanation

  42. Manish Jha permalink

    Hi, please I can help regarding Performance appraisal is an annual exercise of assessment of employee performance, Key contributions area of work/KRA.
    Or post in company Senior Executive Accounts and Finance.

  43. Ntimi frank permalink

    Very helpful. l thanks for the help

  44. Very well explained. My all doubts are clear now. I am so thankful to you.

  45. STPV RAGHAVAN permalink


  46. Sohaib permalink

    Very concise and helpful thanks

  47. Spot on. Thanks.

  48. S. Suresh Narayan permalink

    Where I can get the KRA and KPI for different designations for reference. Kindly share to my email id:, it will be of great help.

  49. Esther permalink

    Well understood

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