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Evolution of Human Resource Management

October 28, 2012

Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management in its simplest definition means management of organization’s manpower or workforce or human resources.

Evolution of HRM

The evolution of the concept of Human Resource Management is presented below

Period before industrial revolution – The society was primarily an agriculture economy with limited production. Number of specialized crafts was limited and was usually carried out within a village or community with apprentices assisting the master craftsmen. Communication channel were limited.

Period of industrial revolution (1750 to 1850) – Industrial revolution marked the conversion of economy from agriculture based to industry based. Modernization and increased means if communication gave way to industrial setup. A department  was set up to look into workers wages, welfare and other related issues. This led to emergence of personnel management with the major task as

–          Worker’s wages and salaries

–          Worker’s record maintenance

–          Worker’s  housing facilities and health care

An important event in industrial revolution was growth of Labour Union (1790)  – The works working in the industries or factories were subjected to long working hours and very less wages. With growing unrest , workers across  the world started protest and this led to the establishment of Labour unions. To deal with labour issues at one end and management at the other Personnel Management department had to be  capable of politics and diplomacy , thus the industrial relation department emerged.

Post  Industrial revolution – The term Human resource Management saw a major evolution after 1850. Various studies were released and many experiments were conducted during this period which gave HRM altogether a new meaning and importance.

A brief overview of major theories release during this period is presented below

  • Frederick W. Taylor gave principles of scientific management (1857 o 1911) led to the evolution of scientific human resource management approach which was involved in

–          Worker’s training

–          Maintaining wage uniformity

–          Focus on attaining better productivity.

  • Hawthorne studies, conducted by Elton Mayo & Fritz Roethlisberger (1927 to 1940). – Observations and findings of Hawthrone experiment shifted the focus of Human resource from increasing worker’s productivity to increasing worker’s efficiency through greater work satisfaction.

As a result of these principles and studies , Human resource management became increasingly line management function , linked to core business operations. Some of the major activities of HR department are listed as-

  1. Recruitment and selection of skilled workforce.
  2. Motivation and employee benefits
  3. Training and development of workforce
  4. Performance related salaries and appraisals.

Strategic Human Resource Management Approach

With increase in technology and knowledge base industries and as a result of global competition , Human Resource Management is assuming more critical role today . Its major accomplishment is aligning individual goals and objectives with corporate goals and objectives. Strategic HRM focuses on actions that differentiate the organization from its competitors and aims to make long term impact on the success of organization.

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From → Everyday HR

43 Comments
  1. Faisal permalink

    very nice article but short.

  2. Thanks for liking the post Faisal. Will try to add additional details on HRM evolution in my coming posts..

  3. zion bernard permalink

    HR Management is very importance in organization.is the kiss of life in the organization

  4. paban permalink

    thank you very much. it is exactly what i needed

    • Thanks Paban..Glad it helped u.

      • mykol permalink

        this is a great information abourt HR

  5. hephzibah permalink

    I love dis

  6. jah permalink

    very nice article.

  7. manhar permalink

    concise article! useful in contingency

  8. Ashif permalink

    Useful article thanks…

  9. Elizabeth permalink

    Exactly my mind have something about evolution of HRM. It is very convising notes on reading.

  10. Maryam Mgeni - Tanzania permalink

    Insightful details on the history of the most critical function in firms.

  11. dipti permalink

    i need it i got it

  12. Tracey permalink

    This is a gret stuff!!

  13. Denis kimanthi njeru permalink

    Thanks for your service.God bless

    • Thank you so much for the encouragement. Means a lot 🙂

  14. Well informative post you share here Thanks admin for your kind interest with us. Kindly keep updating.

  15. DONEAL MULI KIOKO permalink

    Your services are good because I have understood the meaning of evolution of human resource management and wish that you always up date me on change in human resource management .Am a student and wish to be a manager one day who will always check on the needs of the employee’s. Thank you

  16. nuwahereza eunice permalink

    thanks i got what i need concise n precise notes

  17. Joseph permalink

    Hi , I found your material very interesting to include in my disseration, How can i cite your material please in APA system re Evolution of HRM inc the graph please on this site including any original authors. Much appreciated and keep up the good work : )

  18. masaub zia permalink

    like it thanks for this topic

  19. noor alam permalink

    thanx in helping for my presentation

    • Glad it was helpful..Thanks for the feedback

  20. simar brar permalink

    Thanks a lot…really it helpful me a lot..

  21. emeline permalink

    thanx i like it

  22. Babadi Kamara permalink

    Useful site,may appreciate if u can inbox me all topics and detail explanation relating to human resource management

  23. Uju permalink

    Thanks i love it. It is helpfull

  24. Krikash permalink

    Yeah!! It really helped me a lot..
    Exactly what I needed!!

    Thanks a lot!!!

  25. Sowmi permalink

    hey hi nice article was really helpful i am more interested such that can you even make an article continuing this article regarding the developments in HR till 2015???? i am eagerly waiting….

    • Thanks Sowmi, Glad it was helpful. Will work on your suggestion for sure 🙂

  26. paul wanyoike permalink

    thank you nso much,,,,,you really saved my tomorrow God bless you!!

  27. real origin of human resource management

  28. Great article.Thank you for sharing this useful information and it is very effective for the people who are all looking to get the details on HR Management System.

  29. Rly very helpful …..to understanding the meaning of HRM evolution

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    this site as a finest site for most up-to-date updates.

  31. Okello Edwin permalink

    Beneficial indeed.Looking forward to get more.

  32. Blevis permalink

    your post is shot but brief and i will be looking forward to more on HR from you. You are right HRM happens around us everyday.

  33. taiwo kolawole hamed permalink

    hello,i really appreciate the article of this pages,

  34. A very well-written and informative article. it is a very helpful article for students, teachers and even a common man. Really liked reading your article. the use of graph makes the understanding even more better. The growing importance of HR has attracted many students to pursue a career in Human Resource Management.

  35. Hai I really Accept This, I learned a lot of This.,

  36. Ato Rockson permalink

    Great work by all standard. very clear and on point.

  37. Thanks for giving us such a good and useful posts they very useful and help us. You made a great site and It’s impressing I am excited about your site and your thoughts they are amazing. I read your article it’s nice thank you all I like it a lot

  38. asdfasva permalink

    thank you for this. its very helpful

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