Evolution of Human Resource Management


Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management in its simplest definition means management of organization’s manpower or workforce or human resources.

Evolution of HRM

The evolution of the concept of Human Resource Management is presented below

Period before industrial revolution – The society was primarily an agriculture economy with limited production. Number of specialized crafts was limited and was usually carried out within a village or community with apprentices assisting the master craftsmen. Communication channel were limited.

Period of industrial revolution (1750 to 1850) – Industrial revolution marked the conversion of economy from agriculture based to industry based. Modernization and increased means if communication gave way to industrial setup. A department  was set up to look into workers wages, welfare and other related issues. This led to emergence of personnel management with the major task as

–          Worker’s wages and salaries

–          Worker’s record maintenance

–          Worker’s  housing facilities and health care

An important event in industrial revolution was growth of Labour Union (1790)  – The works working in the industries or factories were subjected to long working hours and very less wages. With growing unrest , workers across  the world started protest and this led to the establishment of Labour unions. To deal with labour issues at one end and management at the other Personnel Management department had to be  capable of politics and diplomacy , thus the industrial relation department emerged.

Post  Industrial revolution – The term Human resource Management saw a major evolution after 1850. Various studies were released and many experiments were conducted during this period which gave HRM altogether a new meaning and importance.

A brief overview of major theories release during this period is presented below

  • Frederick W. Taylor gave principles of scientific management (1857 o 1911) led to the evolution of scientific human resource management approach which was involved in

–          Worker’s training

–          Maintaining wage uniformity

–          Focus on attaining better productivity.

  • Hawthorne studies, conducted by Elton Mayo & Fritz Roethlisberger (1927 to 1940). – Observations and findings of Hawthrone experiment shifted the focus of Human resource from increasing worker’s productivity to increasing worker’s efficiency through greater work satisfaction.

As a result of these principles and studies , Human resource management became increasingly line management function , linked to core business operations. Some of the major activities of HR department are listed as-

  1. Recruitment and selection of skilled workforce.
  2. Motivation and employee benefits
  3. Training and development of workforce
  4. Performance related salaries and appraisals.

Strategic Human Resource Management Approach

With increase in technology and knowledge base industries and as a result of global competition , Human Resource Management is assuming more critical role today . Its major accomplishment is aligning individual goals and objectives with corporate goals and objectives. Strategic HRM focuses on actions that differentiate the organization from its competitors and aims to make long term impact on the success of organization.

67 thoughts on “Evolution of Human Resource Management

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  1. Your services are good because I have understood the meaning of evolution of human resource management and wish that you always up date me on change in human resource management .Am a student and wish to be a manager one day who will always check on the needs of the employee’s. Thank you

  2. Hi , I found your material very interesting to include in my disseration, How can i cite your material please in APA system re Evolution of HRM inc the graph please on this site including any original authors. Much appreciated and keep up the good work : )

  3. Useful site,may appreciate if u can inbox me all topics and detail explanation relating to human resource management

  4. the most difficult to manage is Human resource , due to diversification on abilities to respond to same stimuli. differences in human thinking etc

  5. hey hi nice article was really helpful i am more interested such that can you even make an article continuing this article regarding the developments in HR till 2015???? i am eagerly waiting….

  6. Great article.Thank you for sharing this useful information and it is very effective for the people who are all looking to get the details on HR Management System.

  7. your post is shot but brief and i will be looking forward to more on HR from you. You are right HRM happens around us everyday.

  8. A very well-written and informative article. it is a very helpful article for students, teachers and even a common man. Really liked reading your article. the use of graph makes the understanding even more better. The growing importance of HR has attracted many students to pursue a career in Human Resource Management.

  9. Thanks for giving us such a good and useful posts they very useful and help us. You made a great site and It’s impressing I am excited about your site and your thoughts they are amazing. I read your article it’s nice thank you all I like it a lot

    1. it is the most important point about human resource management i really accept it thanks

  10. A very informative article with lots of points so good in it. I really appreciate your effort of helping us out by providing us knowledge about evolution in HR management. Keep posting such great article further as well. Great work!

  11. We are using an a new syllabus of personnel management when there is only the outdated syllabus of it.I have been seriously looking for this.Thanks for the notes

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